Thursday, August 20, 2015

World Bank aims for global deal to stop oil well flaring

The World Bank is aiming to set a global standard to stop the routine flaring of unwanted gas from oil wells, in an attempt to end the pollution and waste of resources that it creates.
The bank's executives hope to persuade all the world's largest oil-producing countries and companies to sign up to the plan, arguing that it would both cut greenhouse gas emissions and improve access to energy in low-income countries.

Scott Peterson | Liaison | Getty Images
About 140bn cubic metres of gas per year, or about 4 per cent of world production, are burnt off by the oil industry in flares.
The electricity that could be generated using that gas would exceed Africa's entire power consumption today.
Many large oil-producing countries, including Russia, Norway, Kazakhstan and Angola, and companies including Royal Dutch Shell, Statoil and Total, signed up to the initiative launched by the bank in April, pledging for the first time to end routine flaring from oil production sites by 2030.
Those producers are responsible for about 40 per cent of the world's flaring.
However, several other large oil-producing countries, including Saudi Arabia, the US, Canada and Nigeria, and companies including ExxonMobil and Chevron, have not yet endorsed the plan.
Anita George, the World Bank's senior director for energy, said she wanted the commitment to end flaring to become a "de facto global industry standard".
She added that the bank was "working very closely with a number of other countries" about joining the initiative. The flaring project is intended to be an important part of the bank's contribution to the Paris talks on an international agreement to tackle the threat of climate change, which start on November 30.
When unwanted "associated" gas is released during oil production, burning it off in a flare is often the easiest way to dispose of it safely. But flares generate local pollution, including black carbon — a component of soot — as well as heat, light and noise.
They also contribute to the threat of global warming by releasing carbon dioxide, although unburned gas vented into the air has a more potent effect, and waste resources that could be put to productive use.
Russia has been by far the world's largest waster of gas in this way, according to World Bank data, followed by Nigeria, Iran and Iraq.
Flaring rose sharply in the US as a result of the shale oil boom that began in 2010, in spite of efforts to control it. Natural gas vented and flared in the US rose from 4.7bn cubic metres in 2010 to 7.4bn cu m in 2013, according to the country's Energy Information Administration.
Saudi Arabia has flared relatively little: it was the world's ninth-largest flarer in 2012 — the most recent year for which data are available — despite being the second-largest producer of crude oil, behind Russia.
Persuading Russia, which is suffering financial strain because of low oil prices, to join the initiative has been a significant success for the World Bank, but it still needs to persuade many of the other leading countries for flaring to come on board.
Several European countries, including Britain, Germany and the Netherlands, have also not yet endorsed the commitment.
Chevron said it was "actively evaluating the appropriate role for Chevron to take in this initiative". It and Exxon are part of an earlier World Bank project, the Global Gas Flaring Reduction Partnership, which works on finding ways to make use of associated gas.
Exxon has made a commitment to end routine flaring from new projects. However, it says in a statement on its website that it needs "business environments with the right conditions, including available markets, nearby infrastructure and appropriate regulations" to capture gas instead of flaring it.
It adds: "Many of these conditions are not currently available in some locations where we operate."

Saturday, August 15, 2015

2 Year Old Gives Birth To Own Twin Shocking

7 Secret Tricks to Lose Weight At Any Age


Unfortunately as we get older the battle of losing weight gets more and more difficult.
With the years and aging our muscles and joints get less cooperative and they hurt more, which makes exercising difficult and we are getting less physically active with each day.
But that`s not the only thing that makes the process of losing weight difficult. Our metabolism slows down too. Statistics show that in average we burn 1 to 2 % fewer calories every decade and all this is due to losing muscle mass and putting on some fat.
According to Brian Durbin, a NSCA-certified strength and conditioning specialist and personal trainer, it is easy to lose pounds if you know the roadblocks and how to work around them.

1. Pick Up Those Weights

People often complain that they can`t lose weight as they used to before, but what they don’t know is that all this is a result of muscle mass. Muscle is more metabolically active than fat, which means that it requires more energy and elevates your metabolism. This also means that in case you lose muscle your metabolism will slow down.
50 year old man in average has 20% less muscle mass than he used to have when he had 20 years. Relating to this issue Durbin said “The good news is you can turn all of this around with a well-structured weight-training routine”. And she also added “It can increase your muscle mass and help you regain the ability to lose weight like you were able to 20 years ago.”

2. Keep An Eye On Those Hormones

With the years our hormones can also make us problems and lead to storage of fats. That`s why you should regularly check your thyroid, adrenal glands, and other hormone levels.  Actually testosterone is the most important among them since it enables you to stay fit and to reduce weight. This hormone has a role in the regulation of blood glucose levels which is essential for losing belly fat.

3. Go Easy On Those Joints

No matter how young you are having joint pain will surely stop you from being active. The worst thing about this is that once the pain starts it never ends the situation can only get worse and never better.
The best thing you can do is focus on activities that are easy for your joints like walking, swimming or jumping in the pool. Aquafit is the most exciting among these and still it can burn many calories.The extra resistance the water creates means that your body has to work that much harder, and can burn up to 30% more calories in the process.
If you are not that type of person who would enjoy in walking and swimming there is an alternative for you like yoga and cycling.

4. But Don’t Go Too Easy

You should never feel pain while you are exercising, but you should still work hard enough to sweat. The process of losing weight is not an easy thing to do it requires a lot of effort. But however if you are doing everything correctly your body will be only better and never worse.

5. See a Physical Therapist

Consulting a physical therapists is recommended both for people who are suffering from some kind of pain and for those who don’t. They will give you advice which activities to avoid and which to repeat more often, also they will tell you how exactly you should do the activities for better results.

6. Change That Diet

You should know that
Source: http://www.healthylifeland.com/7-secret-tricks-to-lose-weight-at-any-age/

How we know what lies at Earth's core



We can't journey to the centre of the Earth, but that hasn't stopped us finding out what is down there.

Humans have been all over the Earth. We've conquered the lands, flown through the air and dived to the deepest trenches in the ocean. We've even been to the Moon. But we've never been to the planet's core.
We haven't even come close. The central point of the Earth is over 6,000km down, and even the outermost part of the core is nearly 3,000 km below our feet. The deepest hole we've ever created on the surface is the Kola Superdeep Borehole in Russia, and it only goes down a pitiful 12.3 km.
All the familiar events on Earth also happen close to the surface. The lava that spews from volcanoes first melts just a few hundred kilometres down. Even diamonds, which need extreme heat and pressure to form, originate in rocks less than 500km deep.
What's down below all that is shrouded in mystery. It seems unfathomable. And yet, we know a surprising amount about the core. We even have some idea about how it formed billions of years ago – all without a single physical sample. This is how the core was revealed.
One good way to start is to think about the mass of the Earth, says Simon Redfern of the University of Cambridge in the UK.
We can estimate Earth's mass by observing the effect of the planet's gravity on objects at the surface. It turns out that the mass of the Earth is 5.9 sextillion tonnes: that's 59 followed by 20 zeroes.
There's no sign of anything that massive at the surface.
"The density of the material at the Earth's surface is much lower than the average density of the whole Earth, so that tells us there's something much denser," says Redfern. "That's the first thing."
Essentially, most of the Earth's mass must be located towards the centre of the planet. The next step is to ask which heavy materials make up the core.


Tuesday, August 11, 2015

198 Million People Are Using Ad Blockers, Costing Publishers Over $21.8 Billion

ad blockers

In its third annual report, PageFair has once again collaborated with Adobe in order to publish a report on the latest figures regarding the scale and growth of global ad blocking software usage. The report also serves to highlight the economic impact associated with ad blocking, as well as the existing and potential impact of ad blocking in the mobile advertising domain.

According to the report, ad blocking has risen globally by 41 percent since last year, with 198 million active users currently making use of ad blocking browser extensions in 2015. Moreover, the estimated loss of global revenue to publishers due to blocked ads is over $21.8 billion.
While the aforementioned users only represent 6 percent of the global internet population, their ad blocking habits account for 14 percent of the global ad spend. The report adds that the global cost of advertising is expected to reach over $41 billion by 2016.

Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox users account for 93% of all ads blocked on the internet


Demographically speaking, the report classifies young and tech savvy male internet users as those that are likely to block ads. Furthermore, those who browse gaming websites have an even higher probability of using ad blockers. On the other hand, elder and technologically challenged internet users who visit health and charity websites are unlikely to block ads.
In the here and now, Google Chrome is the main player in the growth of ad blocking, partly due to the ease with which ad block extensions can be installed on the browser. To make matters worse for advertisers, Chrome has successfully captured the mainstream browsing market from internet explorer over the last few years.

Adblocking-growth-across-the-globe-e1439206131130


As such, Google’s browser alone is responsible for 126 million active ad block users in the second quarter of 2015. It is followed by Mozilla Firefox, and together they account for 93 percent of ad blocking.


iOS 9 will make it significantly easier to block ads, forcing advertisers to rethink their marketing strategies


While mobile devices account for 38 percent of all browsing in the second quarter of 2015, the report states that ad blocking is currently in an underdeveloped state on the platform, with a mere 1.6 percent of ad block traffic. However, with Apple’s upcoming iOS 9 making it possible to block ads, ad blocking browser plug-ins and apps are expected to become more common on mobile devices, and the platform is likely to become a key player in the ad blocking game.

Thursday, August 6, 2015

16 Year Old Pakistani, Sumail Hassan, Becomes a Millionaire by Playing Dota 2

sumail hassan

Sumail Hassan has earned himself $200,000 after a month as a professional Defense of the Ancients 2 (Dota 2) player in the US. Originally from Karachi, the 15-year-old moved to Chicago along with his family back in 2014. Being located in the US served as a great opportunity for him, as it allowed him to play Dota 2 on a faster internet connection with less latency and lower pings than he had previously experienced.

Eventually, Sumail shot to fame by doing exceptionally well in the North American in-house gaming league. It was at this point that he caught the attention of one of the biggest e-sports teams, Evil Geniuses. He was recruited by the team’s manager, Charlie Yang, who himself had been a Dota 2 player in the past. Sumail went on to help his team win the Dota 2 Asian championship in China earlier this year in February.

In Dota 2, two teams of five ‘Heroes’ challenge each other in a battle to take over the other team’s base. The ultimate goal is to acquire the opposing team’s Ancient while preventing it from getting yours. While its goal may be simple, the game’s complexity comes from its range of unique characters, weapons, and spells. As an e-sport, Dota 2 offers the opportunity to earn more real-world money than any other game of its kind. Top performers are given the chance to take part in professional tournaments, where teams battle it out for millions of dollars in prize money.
Sumail is currently taking part in the Ti5 tournament which has a prize pool of over $17 million
Just prior to his 16th birthday, Sumail’s earnings as a professional gamer amounted to $200,000 in just one month. At this rate, he may end up being a millionaire in a few days, when him and his teammates will compete for the chance to win a grand prize of over $6 million at the International Dota 2 world championships in Seattle’s KeyArena.

Evil Geniuses is the second-highest ranked team going into the tournament, while its rival Team Secret is ranked the highest. The rivalry stems from a number of factors, not the least of which is the fact that Team Secret’s star player, Artour “Arteezy” Babaev, used to play for Evil Geniuses up until last December.

Interestingly, it was his spot in the team that was eventually given to Sumail. It remains to be seen whether Sumail can outsmart Arteezy at the forthcoming tournament, though their matchup will undoubtedly be seen with great interest by Dota fans across the globe.